Benchmark di dischi in Linux: Hard Disk, SSD, chiavette USB

Per determinare sommariamente le performance di un disco in linux si può far ricorso all’ utility Benchmark presente nel programma Gnome Disks. Il programma è conosciuto anche con il nome Gnome Disk Utility.
Il programma può essere installato in Debian con il comando

apt install gnome-disk-utility

Il test  di Benchmark evidenzia 3 parametri:

  • velocità di scrittura
  • velocità di lettura
  • tempo medio di accesso

Si tratta di un test du bencmark sommario che non offre molte opzioni. Ad esempio  campioni dei file non possono essere inferiori ad 1.0 MB.

Di seguito i tests di varie unità di memorizzazione sia SSD che di tipo tradizionale con dischi magnetici da 3.5″ e  2.5″.
Il test come anticipato è eseguito, in genere, con lo stesso computer. Il sistema operativo è debian 9.0.
Le impostazioni sono quelle di default 100 files utilizzati per la lettura altrettanti per scrittura 1000 per il tempo di accesso il file è stato impostato ad 1 MB.

Benchmark di chiavette USB flash drive memoria stick pendrive USB in Linux

INTEL SSD 660p 512MB  ( SSD NVME ) 

Model Number: INTEL SSDPEKNW512G8
Serial Number: BTNH90250EY5512A
Firmware Version: 002C
PCI Vendor/Subsystem ID: 0x8086
IEEE OUI Identifier: 0x5cd2e4
Controller ID: 1
Number of Namespaces: 1
Namespace 1 Size/Capacity: 512,110,190,592 [512 GB]
Namespace 1 Formatted LBA Size: 512

Con campioni di 10 MB velocità attese

Con campioni da 1MB le velocità scendono -20%

CRUCIAL SSD MX500

CRUCIAL SSD MX250

Device Model: CT250MX500SSD1
Serial Number: 1822E1406A9A
LU WWN Device Id: 5 00a075 1e1406a9a
Firmware Version: M3CR020
User Capacity: 250,059,350,016 bytes [250 GB]
Sector Sizes: 512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Rotation Rate: Solid State Device
Form Factor: 2.5 inches
Device is: Not in smartctl database [for details use: -P showall]
ATA Version is: ACS-3 T13/2161-D revision 5
SATA Version is: SATA >3.2 (0x1ff), 6.0 Gb/s (current: 6.0 Gb/s)

Western Digital Red SATA 3.5 2T

Model Family: Western Digital Red
Device Model: WDC WD20EFRX-68EUZN0
Serial Number: WD-WCC4M0JH69FA
LU WWN Device Id: 5 0014ee 2b9a93d46
Firmware Version: 82.00A82
User Capacity: 2,000,398,934,016 bytes [2.00 TB]
Sector Sizes: 512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Rotation Rate: 5400 rpm
Device is: In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is: ACS-2 (minor revision not indicated)
SATA Version is: SATA 3.0, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 3.0 Gb/s)

Western Digital Blue SATA 3.5 1T

Model Family: Western Digital Blue
Device Model: WDC WD10EZEX-08WN4A0
Serial Number: WD-WCC6Y3VR6SA8
LU WWN Device Id: 5 0014ee 2b8783c24
Firmware Version: 01.01A01
User Capacity: 1,000,204,886,016 bytes [1.00 TB]
Sector Sizes: 512 bytes logical, 4096 bytes physical
Rotation Rate: 7200 rpm
Form Factor: 3.5 inches
Device is: In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is: ACS-3 T13/2161-D revision 3b
SATA Version is: SATA 3.1, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 3.0 Gb/s)

Seagate SATA 3.5  500GB

Device Model: Seagate ST95005620AS
Serial Number: 5YX1CD9C
LU WWN Device Id: 5 000c50 03d9b40d9
Firmware Version: TD27
User Capacity: 500,107,862,016 bytes [500 GB]
Sector Size: 512 bytes logical/physical
Rotation Rate: 7200 rpm
Form Factor: 2.5 inches
Device is: Not in smartctl database [for details use: -P showall]
ATA Version is: ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4
SATA Version is: SATA 2.6, 3.0 Gb/s

SEGATE Barracuda SATA 1T

Model Family: Seagate Barracuda 7200.12
Device Model: ST31000524AS
Serial Number: 6VPCTPJE
Date Code: 11383

Hitachi SATA 3.5  500GB  

Device Model: Hitachi HDS721050CLA660
Serial Number: JP1570FN3UJ65K
LU WWN Device Id: 5 000cca 399f5e099
Firmware Version: JP2OA41A
User Capacity: 500,107,862,016 bytes [500 GB]
Sector Size: 512 bytes logical/physical
Rotation Rate: 7200 rpm
Form Factor: 3.5 inches
Device is: Not in smartctl database [for details use: -P showall]
ATA Version is: ATA8-ACS T13/1699-D revision 4
SATA Version is: SATA 3.0, 6.0 Gb/s (current: 6.0 Gb/s)

Western Digital Blue SATA 3.5 500GB

Model Family: Western Digital Blue
Device Model: WDC WD5000AAKX-08U6AA0
Serial Number: WD-WCC2EUN28597
LU WWN Device Id: 5 0014ee 2b4341a2a
Firmware Version: 19.01H19
User Capacity: 500,107,862,016 bytes [500 GB]
Sector Size: 512 bytes logical/physical
Rotation Rate: 7200 rpm
Form Factor: 3.5 inches

TOSHIBA SSD 128GB  THNS128GG4BBAA

Device Model: APPLE SSD TS128A marcato Toshiba
Serial Number: X9US107ZT0RZ
Firmware Version: AGAB0202
User Capacity: 121,332,826,112 bytes [121 GB]
Sector Size: 512 bytes logical/physical
Rotation Rate: Solid State Device
Form Factor: 2.5 inches
Device is: Not in smartctl database [for details use: -P showall]
ATA Version is: ATA8-ACS (minor revision not indicated)
SATA Version is: SATA 2.6, 1.5 Gb/s

Stesso disco Toshiba-Apple  benchmark effettuato utilizzando –  connessione USB3.0 – Sabrent modello EC-UASP 

Le performance sono leggermente  inferiori ma non variano di molto

Seagate Barracuda SATA 3.5  320GB 

Model Family: Seagate Barracuda 7200.10
Device Model: ST3320620AS
Serial Number: 3QF0YEV0
Firmware Version: 3.AAE
ATA Version is: ATA/ATAPI-7
Form Factor: 3.5 inches

Hitachi Travelstar SATA 2.5 160GB

Model Family: Hitachi Travelstar 5K160
Device Model: Hitachi HTS541616J9SA00
Serial Number: SB2451SJK9EEME
LU WWN Device Id: 5 000cca 51fee904d
Firmware Version: SB4OC70P
User Capacity: 160,041,885,696 bytes [160 GB]
Sector Size: 512 bytes logical/physical
Device is: In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is: ATA/ATAPI-7 T13/1532D revision 1
Form Factor: 2.5 inches
Rotation Rate: 5400 rpm

FUJITSU MHV2080AH 2.5 80GB IDE 

Vendor: FUJITSU 2.5 80GB IDE  
Product: MHV2080AH
User Capacity: 80,026,361,856 bytes [80.0 GB]
Logical block size: 512 bytes
Date: 2005-12

USB  2.0 LogicLink  Adapter 

FUJITSU_MHV2080AH_USB2_1MB_29L_21W_13AT

Hitachi HTS541680J9AT00 2.5 80GB IDE 

Vendor: Hitachi
Product: HTS541680J9AT00 80GB IDE  
User Capacity: 80,026,361,856 bytes [80.0 GB]
Logical block size: 512 bytes

Hitachi HTS541680J9AT00_USB2_1MB_33L_9W_16AT

Seagate Barracuda SATA 3.5 250GB

Model Family: Seagate Barracuda 7200.10 
Device Model: ST3250310AS
Serial Number: 6RY7FKVE
Firmware Version: 3.AHB
User Capacity: 250,059,350,016 bytes [250 GB]
Sector Size: 512 bytes logical/physical
Device is: In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is: ATA/ATAPI-7

Seagate Barracuda SATA 3.5 250GB

Model Family: Seagate Barracuda 7200.8
Device Model: ST3250823AS
Serial Number: 5ND0XNXQ
Firmware Version: 3.03
User Capacity: 250,059,350,016 bytes [250 GB]
Sector Size: 512 bytes logical/physical
Device is: In smartctl database [for details use: -P show]
ATA Version is: ATA/ATAPI-7

Western Digital Caviar SATA 3.5 250GB

Model Family: Western Digital Caviar SE Serial ATA
Device Model: WDC WD2500JS-55NCB1
Serial Number: WD-WMANK1350689
Firmware Version: 10.02E01
User Capacity: 250,059,350,016 bytes [250 GB]
Date:  09 SET 2005

Read: 61.7 MB/s
Write: 40.4 MB/s
Average Access Time 11.47 msec

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